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The importance of diabetic foot care

Diabetes impacts all of your body, but your feet are especially vulnerable to complications relating to the disease. In particular, poor blood circulation and loss of sensation (neuropathy) can contribute to serious foot problems for people with diabetes.

There are several steps you can take to keep your feet healthy, including:

 

Step #1

Inspect your feet every day for blisters, sores or any other kind of injury. Foot injuries tend to heal slowly and may require extra treatment and professional medical care.

 

Step #2

If you can see, reach and feel your feet, trim your toenails regularly to prevent in-grown toenails, which can lead to infections. If you cannot, your doctor may ask that you see a foot doctor (podiatrist).

 

Step #3

Understand your foot’s sensitivity level. Depending on the amount of loss of sensation in your feet, you may not know if you step in burning hot water in the tub, if there’s a stone or something else in your shoe, or even if you stub your toe on something. Note: Let your doctor know about any loss of sensation in your feet.

 

Step #4

Wear comfortable shoes that support your feet and promote good circulation. You might also consider purchasing socks that are specially designed for sore or sensitive feet.

 

Step #5

Let your doctor know if you have any sores or skin cuts on your feet so he or she can recommend treatment. It’s vital to the health of your feet that sores (called ulcers) are treated carefully with the proper wound care dressings.

 

Step #6

Maintain a healthy weight. Excess weight puts added pressure on your feet.

 

Step #7

Manage your blood sugar levels. Good diabetes care will go a long way toward helping your feet stay healthy, too.

 

Related articles:
Diabetes 101
What products are used to manage diabetes?
What are diabetes complications?
 
SOURCES 
www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/complications/foot-complications/foot-care.html
www.mayoclinic.com/health/diabetes-foot-care/MY00688
www.diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/neuropathies/
www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/diabeticfoot.html